Computerized analysis of prostate lesions in the peripheral zone using dynamic contrast enhanced MRI
P.C. Vos, T. Hambrock, C.A.H. van de Kaa, J.J. Fütterer, J.O. Barentsz and H.J. HuismanMedical Physics 2008;35:888-899
A novel automated computerized scheme has been developed for determining a likelihood measure of malignancy for cancer suspicious regions in the prostate based on dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) (DCE-MRI) images. Our database consisted of 34 consecutive patients with histologically proven adenocarcinoma in the peripheral zone of the prostate. Both carcinoma and non-malignant tissue were annotated in consensus on MR images by a radiologist and a researcher using whole mount step-section histopathology as standard of reference. The annotations were used as regions of interest (ROIs). A feature set comprising pharmacokinetic parameters and a T1 estimate was extracted from the ROIs to train a support vector machine as classifier. The output of the classifier was used as a measure of likelihood of malignancy. Diagnostic performance of the scheme was evaluated using the area under the ROC curve. The diagnostic accuracy obtained for differentiating prostate cancer from non-malignant disorders in the peripheral zone was 0.83 (0.75-0.92). This suggests that it is feasible to develop a computer aided diagnosis system capable of characterizing prostate cancer in the peripheral zone based on DCE-MRI.
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