Tanzania is a high-burden country for tuberculosis (TB), and prisoners are a high-risk group that should be screened actively, as recommended by the World Health Organization. Screening algorithms, starting with chest X-rays (CXRs), can detect asymptomatic cases, but depend on experienced readers, who are scarce in the penitentiary setting. Recent studies with patients seeking health care for TB-related symptoms showed good diagnostic performance of the computer software CAD4TB.To assess the potential of computer-assisted screening using CAD4TB in a predominantly asymptomatic prison population.Cross-sectional study.CAD4TB and seven health care professionals reading CXRs in local tuberculosis wards evaluated a set of 511 CXRs from the Ukonga prison in Dar es Salaam. Performance was compared using a radiological reference. Two readers performed significantly better than CAD4TB, three were comparable, and two performed significantly worse (area under the curve 0.75 in receiver operating characteristics analysis). On a superset of 1321 CXRs, CAD4TB successfully interpreted >99 with a predictably short time to detection, while 160 (12.2 reports were delayed by over 24 h with conventional CXR reading.CAD4TB reliably evaluates CXRs from a mostly asymptomatic prison population, with a diagnostic performance inferior to that of expert readers but comparable to local readers.Abstract available from the publisher.Abstract available from the publisher.
A pdf file of this publication is available for personal use. Enter your e-mail address in the box below and press the button. You will receive an e-mail message with a link to the pdf file.