Dataset of prostate MRI annotated for anatomical zones and cancer.

L. Adams, M. Makowski, G. Engel, M. Rattunde, F. Busch, P. Asbach, S. Niehues, S. Vinayahalingam, B. van Ginneken, G. Litjens and K. Bressem

Data in brief 2022;45:108739.

DOI PMID Cited by ~332

In the present work, we present a publicly available, expert-segmented representative dataset of 158 3.0 Tesla biparametric MRIs [1]. There is an increasing number of studies investigating prostate and prostate carcinoma segmentation using deep learning (DL) with 3D architectures [2], [3], [4], [5], [6], [7]. The development of robust and data-driven DL models for prostate segmentation and assessment is currently limited by the availability of openly available expert-annotated datasets [8], [9], [10]. The dataset contains 3.0 Tesla MRI images of the prostate of patients with suspected prostate cancer. Patients over 50 years of age who had a 3.0 Tesla MRI scan of the prostate that met PI-RADS version 2.1 technical standards were included. All patients received a subsequent biopsy or surgery so that the MRI diagnosis could be verified/matched with the histopathologic diagnosis. For patients who had undergone multiple MRIs, the last MRI, which was less than six months before biopsy/surgery, was included. All patients were examined at a German university hospital (Charite Universitatsmedizin Berlin) between 02/2016 and 01/2020. All MRI were acquired with two 3.0 Tesla MRI scanners (Siemens VIDA and Skyra, Siemens Healthineers, Erlangen, Germany). Axial T2W sequences and axial diffusion-weighted sequences (DWI) with apparent diffusion coefficient maps (ADC) were included in the data set. T2W sequences and ADC maps were annotated by two board-certified radiologists with 6 and 8 years of experience, respectively. For T2W sequences, the central gland (central zone and transitional zone) and peripheral zone were segmented. If areas of suspected prostate cancer (PIRADS score of >= 4) were identified on examination, they were segmented in both the T2W sequences and ADC maps. Because restricted diffusion is best seen in DWI images with high b-values, only these images were selected and all images with low b-values were discarded. Data were then anonymized and converted to NIfTI (Neuroimaging Informatics Technology Initiative) format.