Learned SIRT for Cone Beam Computed Tomography Reconstruction

R. Dilz, L. Schröder, N. Moriakov, J. Sonke and J. Teuwen

arXiv:1908.10715 2019.


We introduce the learned simultaneous iterative reconstruction technique (SIRT) for tomographic reconstruction. The learned SIRT algorithm is a deep learning based reconstruction method combining model knowledge with a learned component. The algorithm is trained by mapping raw measured data to the reconstruction results over several iterations. The Learned SIRT algorithm is applied to a cone beam geometry on a circular orbit, a challenging problem for learned methods due to its 3D geometry and its inherent inability to completely capture the patient anatomy. A comparison of 2D reconstructions is shown, where the learned SIRT approach produces reconstructions with superior peak signal to noise ratio (PSNR) and structural similarity (SSIM), compared to FBP, SIRT and U-net post-processing and similar PSNR and SSIM compared to the learned primal dual algorithm. Similar results are shown for cone beam geometry reconstructions of a 3D Shepp Logan phantom, where we obtain between 9.9 and 28.1 dB improvement over FBP with a substantial improvement in SSIM. Finally we show that our algorithm scales to clinically relevant problems, and performs well when applied to measurements of a physical phantom.