Automated interpretation of prenatal ultrasound using a predefined acquisition protocol in resource-limited countries

T. van den Heuvel, C. de Korte and B. van Ginneken

Medical Imaging with Deep Learning 2019.

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In this study, we combine a standardized acquisition protocol with image analysis algorithms to investigate if it is possible to automatically detect maternal risk factors without a trained sonographer. The standardized acquisition protocol can be taught to any health care worker within two hours. This protocol was acquired from 280 pregnant women at St. Luke's Catholic Hospital, Wolisso, Ethiopia. A VGG-like network was used to perform a frame classification for each frame within the acquired ultrasound data. This frame classification was used to automatically determine the number of fetuses and the fetal presentation. A U-net was trained to measure the fetal head circumference in all frames in which the VGG-like network detected a fetal head. This head circumference was used to estimate the gestational age. The results show that it possible automatically determine gestational age and determine fetal presentation and the potential to detect twin pregnancies using the standardized acquisition protocol.