Artificial Intelligence in Pediatric Pathology: The Extinction of a Medical Profession or the Key to a Bright Future?

A. van der Kamp, T. Waterlander, T. de Bel, J. van der Laak, M. van den Heuvel-Eibrink, A. Mavinkurve-Groothuis and R. de Krijger

Pediatric and Developmental Pathology 2022;25:380-387.

DOI PMID Cited by ~4

Artificial Intelligence (AI) has become of increasing interest over the past decade. While digital image analysis (DIA) is already being used in radiology, it is still in its infancy in pathology. One of the reasons is that large-scale digitization of glass slides has only recently become available. With the advent of digital slide scanners, that digitize glass slides into whole slide images, many labs are now in a transition phase towards digital pathology. However, only few departments worldwide are currently fully digital. Digital pathology provides the ability to annotate large datasets and train computers to develop and validate robust algorithms, similar to radiology. In this opinionated overview, we will give a brief introduction into AI in pathology, discuss the potential positive and negative implications and speculate about the future role of AI in the field of pediatric pathology.